The figure shows a typical series connection scheme for supplying 4 Power Led with 12Vdc. By connecting 4 identical power LEDs (in terms of operating voltage and power, regardless of colour), the voltage is divided evenly among the 4 LEDs so that 12:4= 3 VDC is applied to each power LED.
How to connect 4 LEDs in series?
When connecting LEDs in series, it is possible to use LEDs of different colors, and thus different VF provided that the IF of all LEDs is the same. In this case, it is sufficient to add the VF of all Leds as before and insert the result into the formula.
How to light an LED with 12 volts?
It is pretty simple. The LED must be supplied with a voltage of 1.5 V, and 20 mA must flow through it (if it is not blinking, otherwise 15 mA). To reduce the voltage to 12 V, you have to connect a resistor in series with the LED, to which 12 – 1.5 = 10.5 V must be applied.
How do you calculate the current consumption of an LED?
Example: You have to supply a 2 m long LED strip with a power of 14.4 W/m. Which power supply is most suitable? Multiply the power/m x length (expressed in meters) of the light strip, i.e.: 14.4 W/m x 5 m = 72 W.
How can you understand the power of an LED?
Is it translated into simple words? An LED source consumes “about” 10 times less than a conventional lamp. Here is an example. To reach the classic 100 W of a traditional incandescent or halogen lamp, an LED source with about 10 W of power is enough.
How to choose a transformer for LEDs?
To find the correct power supply, you need to add 20% to this output value so that the power supply can ensure the proper operation of the LED strip. Under these circumstances, 60W is the most ideal, since 50+20%=60.
How to supply power to a 220 volt LED?
As you can see from the diagram, the circuit to power a 220V LED is straightforward. The voltage drop is achieved through capacitor C1 because an AC flowing through a capacitor causes a voltage drop at its ends due to its impedance, Z.
How do battery-powered LED strips work?
Battery-powered LED strips work on low voltages (5V, 9V, or 12V); higher voltages can cause malfunction and even damage the strip. If you want, you can also buy an extra battery for your LED strips, which is ideal if you’re going to take them to a party!